Wednesday, July 23, 2014

150th Years of Apolinario Mabini


 Sino Nga ba Talaga si Apolinario Mabini?




Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary and lawyer who served as its first prime minister until May 1899. In Philippine history texts, he is often referred to as "the Sublime Paralytic", and as "the Brains of the Revolution."

 

 

Life

Early life of Apolinario Mabini

Mabini was born on July 23, 1864[2] in Barangay Talaga in Tanauan, Batangas.[3] He was the second of eight children of Dionisia Maranan, a vendor in the Tanauan market, and Inocencio Mabini, an unlettered peasant.[4]
Mabini began informal studies under the guidance of Maestro Agustin Santiesteban III, who was his Mentor from Davao and his mother . Because he demonstrated uncommon intelligence, he was transferred to a regular school owned by Simplicio Avelino, where he worked as a houseboy, and also took odd jobs from a local tailor - all in exchange for free board and lodging. He later transferred to a school conducted by the Fray Valerio Malabanan, whose fame as an educator merited a mention in José Rizal's novel El Filibusterismo.[3][4]
In 1881 Mabini received a scholarship to go to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila. An anecdote about his stay there says that a professor there decided to pick on him because his shabby clothing clearly showed he was poor. Mabini amazed the professor by answering a series of very difficult questions with ease. His studies at Letran were periodically interrupted by a chronic lack of funds, and he earned money for his board and lodging by teaching children.[4]
Mabini's mother had wanted him to take up the priesthood, but his desire to defend the poor made him decide to take up Law instead.[3] A year after receiving his Bachilles en Artes with highest honors and the title Professor of Latin from Letran, he moved on to the University of Santo Tomas, where he received his law degree in 1894.[3][4]

The 1896 Revolution

Believing that the Reform Movement still had a chance to achieve success, Mabini did not immediately support the Philippine Revolution. He became part of the La Liga Filipina wherein they would write instead of revolt and chose that they would rather be a colony of Spain rather than having a big revolution for their freedom. When José Rizal, part of the "La Liga Filipina", was executed in December that year, however, he changed his mind and gave the revolution his wholehearted support.[4]
In 1898, while vacationing in Los Baños, Laguna, Emilio Aguinaldo sent for him. It took hundreds of men taking turns carrying his hammock to portage Mabini to Kawit. Aguinaldo, upon seeing Mabini's physical condition, must have entertained second thoughts in calling for his help.
Mabini was most active during the Spanish–American War as he assisted General Aguinaldo. When he served as the chief adviser for General Aguinaldo after the Philippine Declaration of Independence on June 12. He drafted decrees and edited the first ever constitution in Asia (the Malolos Constitution) for the First Philippine Republic, including the framework of the revolutionary government which was implemented in Malolos in 1899.[5]:546

Prime Minister of the Philippines

Apolinario Mabini was appointed prime minister and was also foreign minister of the newly independent dictatorial government of Aguinaldo on January 2, 1899. Eventually, the government declared the first Philippine republic in appropriate ceremonies on January 23, 1899. Mabini then led the first cabinet of the republic.
Mabini found himself in the center of the most critical period in the new country's history, grappling with problems until then unimagined. Most notable of these were his negotiations with Americans, which began on March 6, 1899. The United States and the Philippine Republic were embroiled in extremely contentious and eventually violent confrontations. During the negotiations for peace, Americans proffered Mabini autonomy for Aguinaldo's new government, but the talks failed because Mabini’s conditions included a ceasefire, which was rejected. Mabini negotiated once again, seeking for an armistice instead, but the talks failed yet again. Eventually, feeling that the Americans were not negotiating 'bona fide,' he forswore the Americans and supported war. He resigned from government on May 7, 1899.

Later life and death

He also joined the fraternity of Freemasonry.
On December 10, 1899, he was captured by Americans at Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija, but granted leave to meet with W.H. Taft.[5]:546-547 In 1901, he was exiled to Guam, along with scores of revolutionists Americans referred to as 'insurrectos' and who refused to swear fealty to imperialist America. When Brig. Gen. Arthur C. MacArthur, Jr. was asked to explain by the US Senate why Mabini had to be deported, he cabled:
Mabini deported: a most active agitator; persistently and defiantly refusing amnesty, and maintaining correspondence with insurgents in the field while living in Manila, Luzon...[6]
Mabini returned home to the Philippines in Feb. 1903 after agreeing to take the oath of allegiance to the United States[5]:547 on February 26, 1903 before the Collector of Customs. On the day he sailed, he issued this statement to the press:
After two long years I am returning, so to speak, completely disoriented and, what is worse, almost overcome by disease and sufferings. Nevertheless, I hope, after some time of rest and study, still to be of some use, unless I have returned to the Islands for the sole purpose of dying.[7]
To the chagrin of the American colonial officials, however, Mabini resumed his work of agitating for independence for the Philippines soon after he was back home from exile.[8][not in citation given] On May 13, 1903 Mabini died of cholera in Manila, at the age of 38.[5]:547

Work book

  • La Revolución Filipina (1931)

Legacy

The Mabini Shrine, now located in the PUP campus in Santa Mesa, Manila
  • Two sites related to Mabini have been chosen to host shrines in his honor:
    • The house where Mabini died is now located in the campus of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) in Santa Mesa, Manila, having been moved twice. The simple nipa retains the original furniture, and some of the books he wrote, and also contains souvenir items, while hosting the municipal library and reading facilities.[9]
    • Mabini was buried in his town of birth - what is now Talaga, Tanauan City, Batangas. A replica of the house Mabini was born in was also constructed on the site, and also contains memorabilia.
  • The Mabini Academy is a school in Lipa City, Batangas named after Mabini. The school logo carries Mabini's Image.

Controversy about Mabini's paralysis

Even during his lifetime, there were controversial rumors regarding the cause of Mabini's paralysis. Infighting among members of the Malolos congress led to the spread of rumors saying that Mabini's paralysis had by caused by venereal disease - specifically, syphilis. This was debunked only in 1980, when Mabini's bones were exhumed and the autopsy proved once and for all that the cause of his paralysis was Polio.[11]
This information reached National Artist F. Sionil José too late, however. By the time the historian Ambeth Ocampo told him about the autopsy results, he had already published Po-on, the first novel of his Rosales Saga. That novel contained plot points based on the premise that Mabini had indeed become a paralytic due to syphilis.[12]
In later editions of the book,[13] the novelist corrected the error and issued an apology,which reads in part:
I committed a horrible blunder in the first edition of Po-On. No apology to the august memory of Mabini no matter how deeply felt will ever suffice to undo the damage that I did.... According to historian Ambeth Ocampo who told me this too late, this calumny against Mabini was spread by the wealthy mestizos around Aguinaldo who wanted Mabini's ethical and ideological influence cut off. They succeeded. So, what else in our country has changed?
In the later editions, Mabini's disease - an important plot point - was changed to an undefined liver ailment. The ailing Mabini takes pride in the fact that his symptoms are definitely not those of syphilis, despite the rumors spread by his detractors in the Philippine Revolutionary government.

Quotes

 

From Mabini

  • Describing his cabinet:
...it belongs to no party, nor does it desire to form one; it stands for nothing save the interest of the fatherland.

About Mabini

Mabini is a highly educated young man who, unfortunately, is paralyzed. He has a classical education, a very flexible, imaginative mind, and Mabini's views were more comprehensive than any of the Filipinos that I have met. His idea was a dream of a Malay confederacy. Not the Luzon or the Philippine Archipelago, but I mean of that blood. He is a dreamy man, but a very firm character and of very high accomplishments. As said, unfortunately, he is paralyzed. He is a young man, and would undoubtedly be of great use in the future of those islands if it were not for his affliction.[14]

 

mula sa http:www.//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apolinario_Mabini

 

 

 

 



       

Friday, January 10, 2014

Quote



"I will search for you through 1000 worlds and 10000 lifetimes!" KAI ~ from the movie 47 Ronin ~  

47 RONIN

47 Ronin

  It caught my attention when one time in December 2013 I went to the mall and saw the poster, I think it’s an interesting movie, and finally watch it yesterday(Jan. 9, 2014).
 I’m not a fan of samurai or any Japanese Culture but this one give me interest about it, the costume, the character, the scenes, the effects, the music, its good, but it could be better, if they add more spice in some character, like the character of the Witch, additional witch craft activity, the Gun Man, is in the posters but only see with 1 scene, the Samurai of Lord Kira maybe more samurai fight scene, and Kai(Keanu Reeves) is really a Supporting Role only, I’m thinking that he is the lead role but it turn out that he is just a supporting role to Oishi. Oishi is the friend of Lord Asano and the Leader of the 47 Ronin, Also maybe they can put more activity to the character Chikara the son of Oishi who became the leader of Empire after the Death of his father. The movie is about the Revenge for the death of their Master, and a Death with Dignity and Honor, also with a bit of Comedy & Love Story. I saw the other movie of Keanu Reeves the Man of Tai Chi and this new movie is really far different ,  But anyway this movie is so good from what I expected. See it for you to know it.


see other poster 







Thursday, November 21, 2013

Hope

Hope

Hope is a candle in the night
hope is a long respite

Hope is a feather
Once lifted, it'll only get higher

Hope is an oasis in a desert
Hope is a diamond in the dirt

Hope is everywhere
Yet hope is scarcely there

Hope is the dream of better days
Hope is the passion ablaze

Hope is beautiful
And hope is tranquil

Hope is there for everyone
Hope is an asset that all has in abundance






COPYRIGHTED

DESIDERATA

-- written by Max Ehrmann in the 1920s --
Not "Found in Old St. Paul's Church"



Go placidly amid the noise and the haste,
and remember what peace there may be in silence. 

As far as possible, without surrender,
be on good terms with all persons.
Speak your truth quietly and clearly;
and listen to others,
even to the dull and the ignorant;
they too have their story.
Avoid loud and aggressive persons;
they are vexatious to the spirit. 

If you compare yourself with others,
you may become vain or bitter,
for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself.
Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans.
Keep interested in your own career, however humble;
it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. 

Exercise caution in your business affairs,
for the world is full of trickery.
But let this not blind you to what virtue there is;
many persons strive for high ideals,
and everywhere life is full of heroism.
Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection.
Neither be cynical about love,
for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment,
it is as perennial as the grass. 

Take kindly the counsel of the years,
gracefully surrendering the things of youth.
Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune.
But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings.
Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. 

Beyond a wholesome discipline,
be gentle with yourself.
You are a child of the universe
no less than the trees and the stars;
you have a right to be here.
And whether or not it is clear to you,
no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. 

Therefore be at peace with God,
whatever you conceive Him to be.
And whatever your labors and aspirations,
in the noisy confusion of life,
keep peace in your soul. 

With all its sham, drudgery, and broken dreams,
it is still a beautiful world.
Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Shakespeare's Sonnets


Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.

Thursday, September 5, 2013

That Right Person...


 That Right Person...   



 Somebody once told me that "Finding the right person is very hard and very wrong.....it is best to be the right person for the one you love and start from there...you'll always end up disappointed when you set standards and define a "right person" for you...and don't rush things....coz somewhere somehow God is preparing somebody for you."   You can never be perfect...the person you love can never be perfect...but both of you can be perfect through love and prayers, and your love can be perfect through the both of you.  But, no relationship is complete without God.....that's why we have marriage it's a bond not only between you and your loved one....but also with God.   Our relationships fail not because (s)he's not the right person....it's  because we expected too much and we decided on our own....let God do the  work...you may call it waiting time....but while you are  waiting...pray.  Let God guide you always...He knows better.  No, He knows best.   Love is not what you think it is....Sometimes we mistakenly feel that our first relationship will be our last.  Because we are overwhelmed with joy and romance, we forget to learn the meaning of true love.  Some are saying that love is unselfish, blind, unconditional or simply denying oneself for the sake of someone very important in our life.   Others are saying love is immortal and can never be defined.  When we think   we're in love the first thing we almost wanted the whole world to know is that our love for someone very special can never be taken away from us.   We say this phrase "You are the most wonderful gift from GOD I have ever received..."  After a terrible fight or sometimes even a petty quarrel we then say "You are the biggest mistake I’ve ever made for my entire life...!!!!". Now, how do you say and spell the word L-O-V-E? Are you really deeply into it?   Nobody can tell what love really is until experience speaks and whispers right into our ears.  Most of the time, these love promises like "Forever, Till Death do us apart, etc." would end up "Never" and "We should part ways, I'm no longer happy with you! My love for you is DEAD!!!". Many times we thought after having committed to someone and your trust to one another freezes down to zero degree "S/He ain't the right one. I should probably wait for the right one to come."   But the big question anyone could not answer is "Is she/he the right one?"  and "When is the right time?" That made us stick to whom we are with. Will you always be waiting for the right person to come and the right time to commit? A big YES is the answer. Don't be in a hurry to get into a relationship because you can never find love if you insist that you are already into it.  Try to find time to really understand your real feelings, to know who you really are, and what you really want in a relationship.   You're right, There is no such thing as a perfect relationship, but there's   a compatible partnership that goes along with it. If you already knew that you're too big to fit into a small sized t-shirt, don't give it a try.  You'll probably break it and pay for the damages you have made. If you knew   and felt that the relationship will not last, don't go deeper into it.  You'll just suffer the consequences and live like hell the rest of your life.   It's really hard to say goodbye though, but you can't make it any better by   just pretending you still have the same feelings.  Try to let go and give yourself a chance to live life to the fullest.  Give yourself a chance to grow and give your heart a much needed attention. Then you will find that you have made the right decision and you made it all by yourself.  More frequently than not, we all act in a hypocritical manner for some reason.   We call it love when we can't leave someone and see them crying as we try to let go. We are wrong, its just pity.  We call it love when we're too attached and think that losing the one we love will somehow make us weak and unable to face the storms of life.  We misunderstood, its just that we're too much dependent to them. We call it love when we give our whole life to them, the wholeness of us and imagined that if they leave no one would accept us and our past.   We are mistaken, its just insecurity.  But no matter what the definition is, the truth still remains that love isn't something you can buy nor beg.  It is real and existing.  You can't touch it but you can feel it in your heart.  You can't find it, but it will knock before you when you least expect it to come.  It can make you the happiest soul in heaven, but don't forget that it also can make you the most miserable person in the   whole galaxy. 




note: credit to the author